In the swing

Specialist golf therapist Tom Gallagher gives his top tips to prevent back pain and improve your game 

The first major of the year is in the books and the famous Green Jacket has been won at Augusta. The start of the golf season doesn’t just bring out the pros, it also encourages part-time players to get into the swing. Many of those dusting off their drivers are middle-aged men emerging from a winter of fitness hibernation, trying too hard, too quickly and predictably injuring themselves.

Golf is a game of muscle memory and its repetitive action can lead to back inflammation and strains which may even affect the discs of the spine, causing pain and impacting your swing. Urban Body’s specialist golf therapist Tom Gallagher says this is the time when more patients seek treatment with golf related injuries at his clinic in Solihull.

Most of the injuries sustained by golfers are caused by the strain on the body during the swing. An underlying fault in a swing can cause a multitude of stress-related injuries, from the wrist to the spine. During the golf swing, there are a number of movement forces running through the lumbar spine (lower back). These forces, in combination with poor posture, weak core muscles and other existing injuries, can cause damage to this area and surrounding muscles. This often results in pain and weakness through the back area and an inability to perform a good swing.


Here are Tom’s five top tips on how to stay pain-free, potentially increasing how well and how far you can hit the ball.

1 Strengthen your core

Core strength is huge for spine health. The muscles around the abdomen and back help support the spine, and having a strong core reduces the risk of injury as you swing and bend. Be sure to exercise and strengthen your hips, glutes, lats, and obliques, not just the abs. Pilates is extremely helpful because it focuses on both flexibility and full body strength, which helps balance out your joints.

2 Warm up before you tee off

Studies have shown that golfers who have stiffer back rotation and less joint range of motion have more back pain. Before you practice your swing or play a round of golf, warm up for at least 10 minutes. I recommend the following:

• Over the head shoulder stretch

• Chest opener with forward bend stretch

• Standing quad stretch

• Low-lunge hip flexor stretch

• Standing IT band stretch

3 Maintain neutral spine positioning

When standing over the ball before swinging, keep your spine in its relaxed position of comfort and bend with your hips and knees rather than your back.

4 Relax into your swing

Don’t try to hit the ball as hard as possible when you step up to the tee. Pushing yourself not only causes erratic ball placement but increases the chance of over-exerting your back and causing injury. Take it easy and enjoy the social and exercise components of your sport.

5 Build up gradually

Golf requires serious stamina. If you’re new to golf, don’t start out by playing 36 holes on your first round. The majority of back injuries from swinging are due to overuse and lack of control. This can lead to extreme soreness and cause you to injure yourself by over-exerting too soon. Build up slowly and strengthen you back over a long period of time to prevent injury.

Urban Body’s physiotherapy and rehabilitation clinic is based at the West Warwickshire Sports Club in Olton, and the team has more than doubled since the beginning of the pandemic. Urban Body offers free assessments to new patients. For more information visit